Saudi Arabia .. an amazing archaeological discovery dating back 4,500 years

Archaeologists have discovered a network of highways in Saudi Arabia that is thousands of years old, according to a CNN report.

Researchers from the University of Western Australia have conducted a large-scale investigation over the past year, including aerial surveys by helicopter, ground surveys, drilling and examination of satellite imagery.

Scientists found a 4,500-year-old road network, as well as well-preserved ancient tombs lining the roads.

In the results published in the Holocene journal in December, they said that “funeral roads” extending over great distances in the northwest regions of Al-Ula and Khyber have not been the subject of much research until very recently.

“People who live in these areas have known about them for thousands of years,” researcher Matthew Dalton told CNN. “But I think it wasn’t known to many until we got satellite images of its length.”

Dalton pointed out that the funeral roads, which he saw from a helicopter, extended for hundreds and perhaps even thousands of kilometers, stressing that they are similar to the same main roads that people use today.

4500-year-old roads discovered in Saudi Arabia

According to the researchers, the burials on both sides of the road took the form of a necklace or ring burials. Ring tombs include a pier surrounded by a two-meter-high wall, while hanging tombs have “beautiful tails”.

Using radiocarbon dating, the researchers found that these tombs dated between 2600 and 2000 BC.

“These tombs are 4,500 years old, and they are still at their original height, which is really unheard of,” researcher Melissa Kennedy told CNN. “So I think that’s what distinguishes Saudi Arabia in particular from the rest of the region – it’s the incredible level of preservation,” she added.

The team’s next step will be to do more radiocarbon dating and return to the field, before analyzing their data.

More discoveries are likely to follow, as Dalton said the roads may extend across Yemen, especially since similar cemeteries exist in both Yemen and northern Syria.

“The third millennium is an important period of time,” Kennedy said. “It’s the time of the building of the pyramids. It’s the place where many different cultures interacted with each other on a large scale for the first time. So seeing what this huge funerary scene looked like in this period is really exciting.” .

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