“Sahwa” in Mauritania … a phenomenon that wears the dress of...

“Sahwa” in Mauritania … a phenomenon that wears the dress of...
“Sahwa” in Mauritania … a phenomenon that wears the dress of...
“Sahwa”, as its name suggests, is derived from modesty that is of perfection FaithIt has been passed down through the generations in Mauritania as a pattern Behavior Collect until it became a fixed and respected behavior that sometimes reaches the limit Sanctification.

Binding rules

Manifestations of sahwa in the behavior of individuals are manifested in many rules, including avoiding talking about emotional issues between those who do not belong to the same age group, and spouses avoiding any saying or deed that shows their connection, or that they walk together in front of everyone, and avoiding any meeting or conversation between a man and his son-in-law. To eat the food Together or sitting in one council.

The woman also avoids eating and drinking in front of her mother-in-law, and neither of them reveals her entire face to the other. The woman does not utter the husband’s name at all or his family name, and sometimes she avoids mentioning the name of the eldest child, especially if he bears the name of his grandfather.

In the case of pregnancy, the woman is shy of showing or talking about her pregnancy .. It is forbidden for young people and children to address their fathers or approach them if they are surrounded by someone older than them.

And sometimes, violating these rules may lead to a person being blamed, harming his social position, or diminishing it at best.

The Sahwa is between Sharia and custom

Researcher and professor of sociology confirms Modern University of Nouakchott Dr.. Muhammad al-Amin Muhammad Musa, “Sahwa is not the modesty that is required by law .. In the Prophet’s era, the Prophet, may God’s prayers, sit with Fatima, Ali, Hassan, and Hussein, may God be pleased with them – without embarrassment.”

And Dr. Muhammad Musa told Sky News Arabia, “Sahwa is a deep-rooted social phenomenon that has many negative effects, such as depriving young people of their material and moral rights .. It also deprives youth from expressing themselves and leads to the confiscation of their opinions and life choices .. In traditional society young people are raised to submit to and accept what adults see. They cannot object even if it is related to their future, such as studying or choosing a life partner, and that implants in them shame and subservience. “

Nevertheless, Sahwa has positive effects on the other hand. Researcher Muhammad Al-Amin Muhammad Musa added to Sky News Arabia, “One of which is that it helps, as a mechanism of social control, to bring up generations, and contributes to controlling behavior and standardizing standards in order to conform to the general pattern prevailing in society.”

The majority of young people do not know much about social customs, especially the “Sahwa”, which has almost disappeared or no longer has that effect on the lives of urban residents.

Some attributed this to the lack of need for it, as explained to Sky News Arabia journalist Ahmed Al-Nadeef, who believes that “in the past, the sahwa was necessary to regulate the relationship between individuals who live in a tent or opposing tents. Now the conditions of life are different, so it has become a set of habits that are almost invented. “

The Sahwa sparked a long debate and asked a lot of ink between its defenders as an incubator of values ​​and those who see it as a useless obstacle. However, it is a social phenomenon that cannot be erased because it did not exist by anyone’s will .. Therefore it does not disappear completely, but rather adapts to the fluctuations of society.

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