Trump administration urges Saudi Arabia to ‘normalize’ with Israel | ...

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urged Saudi Arabia Wednesday (October 14, 2020) to “normalize its relations” with Israel along the lines of the UAE and Bahrain.

After receiving his Saudi counterpart Prince Faisal bin Farhan, Pompeo told the press that the two historic agreements between Israel and the two Gulf states signed in mid-September under the auspices of US President Donald were discussed..

The American Secretary said that they “contribute greatly to our common goals for achieving regional peace and security.” He added that they “reflect ongoing changes in the dynamics of the region,” adding that “these countries are well aware of the need for regional cooperation to counter Iranian influence and promote prosperity.”“.

And Pompeo added, “We hope that Saudi Arabia will consider normalizing its relations as well, and we want to thank them for the help they have provided in the success of the Abraham agreements so far,” adding that he also hopes that this will encourage the Palestinian leaders and the Palestinian Authority to return to negotiations with Israel..

The Saudi minister avoided dealing with this issue, and contented himself with talking about “common threats, including continuing Iranian destabilizing behavior.”“.

Saudi Arabia’s recognition of Israel would mark a real turning point in the Middle East.

American pressure

For months, Donald Trump’s administration has exerted pressure to achieve this, but the Kingdom has made clear that it will not follow the UAE and Bahrain, which violated the “Arab consensus” that stipulates normalization with the Hebrew state on the settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

With that he says The US President, Candidate for a Second Term in the November 3 Elections, Riyadh will normalize its relations with Israel “at the appropriate time.” The United States is trying to convince more Gulf states to enter into similar agreements with Israel, as the UAE and Bahrain have done.

The two Saudi-American ministers opened a “strategic dialogue” between the two countries in Washington.

Although a large portion of the American political class criticized the rapprochement between the Trump administration and Saudi officials, Mike Pompeo increased praise for the oil-rich kingdom. He said that “Saudi Arabia is a stabilizing force in the region,” despite criticism of its role in the war in Yemen.

The “carrot” of the arms convention

Pompeo renewed his support for a “robust arms sales program to Saudi Arabia” to “help the kingdom protect its citizens and preserve American jobs,” despite congressional objections sometimes to these deals.

Riyadh has quietly passed through the UAE and Bahrain deals – although it did not reach the point of ratifying them – but said it was not prepared to take action on its own.

Saudi Arabia had put forward an initiative in 2002 under which the Arab countries offered to normalize relations with Israel in exchange for an agreement to establish a state for the Palestinians and a complete Israeli withdrawal from the lands it occupied in 1967.

A.H./ A.H. (AFP, Reuters)

  • The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Declaration of incorporation and recognition

    On May 14, 1948, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. America was the first to support that state and recognize it, and the new nation’s flag was raised in front of the United Nations building in New York. The establishment of Israel opened the door wide to the “Middle East conflict”.

  • Ship Exodus in the port of Haifa 03/22/1947 (AFP / Getty Images)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    “Promised Land”

    Jews are the largest component of Israeli society. Today, the population of the Jewish state is more than 8.5 million. The Jews call their current home “the Promised Land”, as they believe that God promised and promised Abraham that this land would be for his descendants, and that it would be the land to which the Jews would return.

  • Symbol picture Palestine Israel flag conflict (picture-alliance / dpa)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    The Nakba

    “Independence Day” for the Israelis is the memory of the “nakba” for the Palestinians. Because of the 1948 war, many Palestinians lost their homes and their livelihood. It was estimated that 700,000 Palestinians left their country at that time, and today they are called Palestinian refugees.

  • Six Day War - Israel - Conquest of Jerusalem (picture alliance / AP / KEYSTONE / Government Press Office)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Six-Day War

    There were many wars between Israel and its Arab neighbors. On June 5, 1967 a new war broke out between the Jewish state and between Egypt, Syria and Jordan, to be the third in the series of the Arab-Israeli conflict. But it quickly ended with an Israeli victory and its seizure of the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Sinai and the Golan Heights.

  • Nakba - the catastrophe

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Refugees in neighboring countries, in the West Bank and Gaza

    The number of Palestinian refugees today is estimated at about 5 million Palestinian refugees. According to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), Palestinian refugees are located in 58 camps in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. The word “refugee” is applied to those who left Palestine after the catastrophe of 1948, while “displaced persons” are said to those who left Palestine after the “setback” in 1967.

  • Lebanon Refugee Camp Ain el Helweh Street (John Owens)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Bad conditions

    Palestinian refugees live in harsh social and economic conditions in the camps. UNRWA revealed in its reports the miserable conditions of these people, which are generally characterized by poverty, dense population and cramped living conditions. In addition to inadequate infrastructure such as streets and sewage. It is noteworthy that Palestinian refugees in these camps do not “own” the land on which their housing is built, while they can “use” the land for residential purposes.

  • Israel - Palestine | Icon image UNWRA (Getty Images / AFP /)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    لماذا أنوروا؟

    UNRWA is the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East. It works to help, protect and gain support for them, until a solution to their suffering is found. The agency allocates schools, health clinics and distribution centers inside and outside the camps. The agency was established by Resolution No. 302 (IV) of the United Nations General Assembly.

  • Photo gallery 40 years of the Yom Kippur war (picture-alliance / dpa)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Fourth war

    On October 6, 1973, the Egyptian and Syrian armies launched a surprise attack on the Israeli forces stationed in the Sinai and the Golan Heights. The Egyptian army achieved its goal of the war by crossing the Suez Canal, destroying the Bar-Lev Line, and taking defensive positions. The war officially ended at the end of October 24th with the ceasefire agreement signed between the Arab and Israeli sides.

  • Camp David 1978 Egypt - Israel peace negotiations (picture-alliance / CNP / Arnie Sachs)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Egypt opens the door

    On November 19, 1977, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat surprised the world with his visit to Israel, setting off arduous peace negotiations under American auspices and culminating in September 1978 with the signing of the Camp David Accords, which were followed by the signing of the peace treaty on March 26, 1979. The treaty ended State of war and Israel withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula. Peace was not supported in the Arab world, as the Arabs at the time considered it a “betrayal” of the Palestinians.

  • Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, Yasser Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin, and Shimon Peres (Getty Images)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    The Oslo Accord

    After months of secret negotiations parallel to the peace process that began in Madrid in 1991, on September 13, 1993, in the lawn of the White House, the Oslo Accords were signed, which was a declaration of principles on self-government arrangements for the transition. Yasser Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin, and Shimon Peres all received Nobel Peace Prizes. But the treaty was rejected by Palestinian factions. Many rounds have taken place to complete the peace that faltered with the outbreak of the second intifada.

  • USA 1995 Declaration on the Middle East Conflict | King Hussein of Jordan & Bill Clinton & Jitzchak Rabin (picture-alliance / AP Photo / G. Gibson)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Treaty of Wadi Araba

    On October 26, 1994, under the auspices of US President Bill Clinton, the President of Jordan and Israel signed a peace treaty between them. The Wadi Araba treaty formally ended decades of war, but it has yet to gain popular legitimacy in Jordan today. In the eyes of the largest segment of Jordanians, more than half of whom are Palestinians, Israel remains an “enemy.” Under the treaty, Jordan retained its right to supervise religious affairs in Jerusalem.

  • Palestine before the return march in Rafah (picture-alliance / dpa / ZUMA Wire / APA Images / A. Amra)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Right of Return

    The right of return is a dream of most Palestinian refugees. And the Palestinians, especially after the Oslo agreement, resorted to forming committees and institutions with the aim of preserving the refugee issue and defending the right of return.

  • Flag of Israel and the United Arab Emirates flag image combination

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Emirates and the Hebrew state announce full normalization

    The UAE and Israel have reached a “historic peace agreement,” according to President Trump, who said that they will soon hold meetings to conclude several agreements. The UAE is the first Gulf country to announce full normalization with Israel. Mohammed bin Zayed announced in a tweet that, in contact with Trump and Netanyahu, “an agreement has been reached to stop Israel’s annexation of the Palestinian lands. However, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu responded that the annexation plan was” postponed “but” not canceled. ”

  • USA Washington White House | Middle East Agreement (Getty Images / AFP / S. Loeb)

    The Abraham Agreement … the latest link in a stalled path of wars and peace

    Bahrain joins the Emirates

    A month after the Emirati-Israeli declaration, Bahrain joined the two countries, and Benjamin Netanyahu signed a peace agreement with the UAE foreign ministers, Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, and Bahraini Abd al-Latif al-Zayani. It is believed that Bahrain will not be the last, and that some Arab countries may join, in a new indication that an official end of the Arab-Israeli conflict will soon turn into a Palestinian-Israeli conflict, but there are countries in the region that will not change their position, such as Iran.

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