Eczema is a very common skin disease in infants and young children, who are most affected by it, and adults also afflict it, as it appears in the form of scaly patches on the skin or hands, some of which are hereditary, and we review here the symptoms, causes and some treatments.
1- Symptoms: Itching is the main cause of eczema, and symptoms appear in the form of dry, scaly patches of red or dark brown depending on the color of the skin, with heat or swelling, small rough bumps, and thick patches of skin.
2- Eczema in children: between 6-12 weeks children can develop eczema in the form of a rash on the face, and the condition worsens with drooling, but it disappears with the age of two, but about half of the people who contracted it in childhood will develop it after Puberty.
3- Birth scales: Birth scales eczema or the so-called “cradle cap” that affects infants and is seborrheic eczema or seborrheic dermatitis, in the form of scaly, scaly patches on the scalp, with inflammation on the cheeks, and the cradle cap usually disappears without treatment within a few Weeks or months.
4- Places of infection: Babies can get eczema on their elbows, behind the knees, in the face, at the back of their necks, wrists, forearms, chest and eyelids, and it is not contagious, and if the rash does not disappear or is bothersome, or if a crust or pus-filled blister appears on it, consult a doctor .
5- The relationship of asthma to eczema: there is a relationship between them, as one parent suffers from hay fever or asthma, with which their children are more likely to suffer from eczema, and a child with eczema is more likely to develop asthma as well, and allergic triggers, such as pollen, animal dander and dust, can cause a rash. Skin in some people with eczema.
6- Other causes: Genes and chemicals can cause eczema, as can allergies to wool, synthetic fabrics, detergents, soaps, perfumes, and cosmetics, and it can be treated with gentle cleansers, moisturizers, and ointments, pressing something cold on it, and stopping bathing in hot water.
7- Useful treatments: There are drugs such as “Hydrocortisone” for treating mild eczema, itching and scratching, and some have side effects, and some cause a high risk of cancer, and there are experiences of UV rays treatment, but they do not benefit everyone, and they make eczema worse for some.
8- Helping the patient to get better: This is by keeping the nails of the child with eczema short and on his skin moist, and for their clothes to be loose, and not to expose them to excessive heat, and some research shows that coconut oil, sunflower oil and vitamin B12 creams may help in the treatment.
9 – Eczema and infections: The symptoms of eczema and infections can be very similar, and the examination will reveal the type of disease, and it is necessary to use a thick moisturizer and medicine immediately after bathing, and to look for products without perfume.
10- Living with eczema: The sufferer should be helped not to be ashamed of eczema, and to avoid triggers of irritation, by setting up a bathing, moisturizing and treatment regimen. Affected adults may need to adjust their routine to avoid exposure to chemicals in cleaning products, perfumes, cosmetics, as well as cigarette smoke.
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