On Monday, November 2, 2020, the world celebrated the continuous presence of humans in space for 20 years on board the International Space Station, and the cost of the International Space Station amounted to about $ 150 billion, and hosted 241 astronauts from 19 countries over a period of 7,300 days, and the station witnessed more than 3,000 procedures. A scientific experiment over this period, and NASA announced that the use of the International Space Station may end by 2028, after which it will leave its orbit around Earth and fall in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean, and it is expected that private companies will design other stations to replace the International Space Station.
Some companies, such as Axiom Space and Bigelow Aerospace, hope to capitalize on the success of the International Space Station by adding other parts to it that can then be separated. Others, such as Blue Origin, want to build a massive space station that simulates life on Earth.
The obsolescence of the International Space Station
The International Space Stage surpassed its life span for about 15 years, which led to an increase in its malfunctions, as it witnessed several malfunctions in the past months, such as malfunctions in the water cycle, a malfunction in the oxygen supply system and increased air leakage.
Axiom Space, founded in 2016 and headquartered in Houston, Texas, plans to launch its first commercial space station. It contracted with NASA to build an additional habitable part of the current space station that will detach from it when its flight ends.
Bigelow Aerospace launched an experimental model of the inflatable part that it developed into space and coalesced with the International Space Station in 2016 and is currently used for storage, and the company is currently developing at its headquarters in Las Vegas, Nevada, another larger model.
The company said in a press release in September 2019 that the new model includes two seats, two toilets, two payment systems and a large storage space, which is suitable for long space flights.
The Sierra Nevada Corporation is developing a three-story inflatable housing housing that can dock with the International Space Station or act as a lunar base.
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