BerlinThe big corona vaccination campaign has also been running in Germany since the weekend; according to the Robert Koch Institute, more than 41,000 people in this country have already received the Comirnaty vaccine from Biontech / Pfizer. But as an allergy sufferer, can I even get vaccinated? What about alcohol or exercise after the vaccination? The most important information provided by the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) at a glance:
What should you watch out for before and during the corona vaccination?
The following documents must be brought to the vaccination appointment:
There is no need to do a Covid-19 test before vaccination, as long as you do not show any symptoms. The tolerance of the vaccination is also not negatively influenced by an acute infection. There is also no test on site.
Basically, if you have had a corona infection in the past, a vaccination is not necessary at first. Researchers assume that you are immune for a certain period of time, but how long the protective effect lasts has not yet been conclusively answered. In the event of an infection that has gone through unnoticed, a vaccination is not harmful either.
The qualified personnel must be informed of all circumstances that could possibly influence the vaccination. For example, anyone who has fainted after vaccinations or injections in the past or is prone to immediate allergies must inform the specialist before the vaccination so that the state of health after the injection can be observed longer.
Anyone suffering from an acute illness with a fever above 38.5 degrees should only be vaccinated after recovery. A cold or a slight fever below 38.5 degrees are no reasons to postpone the vaccination. If you are hypersensitive to a vaccine component, you should not vaccinate. Allergies should be reported to the vaccinator.
What do I have to consider after the vaccination?
After the vaccination, the vaccinated person must watch for any unusual side effects. The most common symptoms are mild to moderate pain at the injection site, fatigue, and headaches that are temporary and usually go away within a few days. Side effects must be reported immediately to your own family doctor or pharmacy. Even if the family doctor has not vaccinated, he is the contact person for evaluating the side effects, a possible diagnosis and follow-up treatment. Side effects can also be reported to the Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI) or via the Safe#Vac 2.0 app (download from Google Play Store or App Store) of the PEI.
If there is pain or fever after the vaccination, pain reliever or fever lowering medication such as paracetamol can be taken. The family doctor can also advise on this.
There is nothing wrong with light physical exertion after vaccination. However, you should not overdo it: Extreme endurance sports or training with high weight loads should be avoided immediately after the vaccination. Because with intense physical exertion it can happen that a vaccination reaction – for example pain at the injection site – is intensified.
Refrain from alcohol after vaccination
According to a report by the New Scientist, Alexander Ginzburg, director of the Gamaleja Institute for Epidemiology and Microbiology, which developed the Russian vaccine Sputnik V, advises abstaining from alcohol three days after each injection with the corona vaccine. According to this, alcohol can significantly weaken the immune response. This warning applies not only to the Sputnik-V vaccine, but to all Covid-19 vaccines, said Ginzburg. The immunologist Eleanor Riley from the University of Edinburgh in the UK added that excess alcohol is a kind of immunosuppressant. People who drink a lot have poor immune function and are sometimes more prone to infections.
As with any vaccine, vaccination with Comirnaty may not protect everyone who is vaccinated, according to the EMA. According to the RKI, it is also conceivable that a person who has been vaccinated may not fall ill if they come into contact with the pathogen, but can pass the virus on to others. Until new data are available, the AHA + A + L rules must continue to be complied with after a vaccination: keep your distance, observe hygiene, wear an everyday mask and regularly ventilate and use the Corona warning app. Biontech and Pfizer expect data on the likelihood of infection to be available by February.
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