The study, which was published on Friday in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Weekly Disease and Mortality Report, indicated that a person exposed or suspected of having “Covid-19” must be isolated before the examination is conducted and before the results of his examination appear to protect other residents at home.
A team of researchers wrote that “because immediate isolation of people with Covid-19 can reduce transmission at home, people who suspect they have Covid-19 should go into isolation, stay at home, and use a separate bedroom and bathroom if possible.” “.
In addition, the team said that all family members must wear masks at all times in the common areas of the home.
The research, part of an ongoing study supported by the CDC, tracked 101 people with “Covid-19” in Nashville, Tennessee, and Marsfield, Wisconsin between April and September.
With about 191 other people living with infected people in the same house, infected people received training to collect test samples themselves, that is, nasal swabs only or saliva samples as well, every day for 14 days.
In addition, each person completed a record of their symptoms during their isolation period.
The spread of infection was rapid, as researchers found that more than half of the people who lived with a person suffering from “Covid-19”, or 53%, were infected within a week.
About 75% of these secondary infections occurred within five days of the first symptoms of the infected patient.
The researchers pointed out that there was a significant transmission, whether the infected patient was an adult or a child.
The study also indicated that the rate of infection in the family reached 53%, higher than what has been documented so far.
So far, related research has reported an infection rate of between 20% and 40%.
One of the important results of this study, the authors write, is that less than half of family members who had confirmed SARS-Cove-2 infection reported symptoms at the time the infection was first discovered.
And they added: “Many of them did not report any symptoms during 7 days of follow-up, which confirms the possibility of transmission of the infection from secondary contacts without symptoms, and the importance of undergoing quarantine.”
Isolate yourself or someone you love
Staying isolated from other family members can be difficult, especially if you live in a small space or have children at home.
And pediatrician Dr. Tania Altman pointed out that if you are staying with an older person or have immunodeficiency at home, you may want to isolate him on one side of the house to avoid mixing with children or other residents.
“If you have to care for a child, you may have to make the decision to isolate an adult with the child in order to take care of him, while the other adult will be responsible for the rest of the family,” added Altman.
It would be tough if you were the only person taking care of the family, said pediatrician Dr. Jenny Radsky, spokeswoman for the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Therefore, Radiaski recommends getting to know the local residents and neighbors, in order to find someone who can help deliver your groceries or medicines.
Radsky added that the rest of the family should practice isolation as well, as the spread patterns of “Covid-19” indicate that groups of people who live close to each other are most vulnerable to infection from each other.
If you live alone, your challenge is monitoring your symptoms and taking care of yourself when you are unwell.
Make sure you have a plan ready to get food and medicine to your home, and find someone who can be responsible for checking your safety regularly.
Below is a list of items that you will need during the isolation period
- A working thermometer to monitor a fever
- Fever-reducing medications, such as acetaminophen
- A box of gloves and rubber or latex face masks
- Prescription essential medications
- Regular soap and 70% alcohol-based hand sanitizer
- Tissue paper to cover droplets from sneezing and coughing.
- Cleaning supplies like disinfectant cleaning supplies, kitchen cleaning gloves and litter liners, the CDC suggests picking from a list that meets the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s anti-virus standards
Preventing others from getting sick
After a positive diagnosis of “Covid-19” appears, everyone in the home needs to isolate themselves from the outside world as much as possible.
The Centers for Disease Control advises not to share eating utensils, towels, or bedding with other people in your home.
When washing clothes, the patient’s soiled clothes should be separated “to reduce the possibility of the virus spreading in the air.” Also, use disposable gloves when handling this dirty laundry.
A lined wastebasket must be allocated for any product tissues that the sick person disposes of, and caregivers should use gloves when removing and disposing of garbage bags, and then washing hands well after disposing of the gloves.
To reduce the transmission of the virus inside your home, try to keep airflow around the house through windows, weather permitting. You can also add air purifiers to your home.
And the Centers for Disease Control notes that improving ventilation helps remove respiratory droplets from the air.
And all family members must adhere to a hand washing procedure at every opportunity, and all common surfaces in the home must be cleaned and disinfected.
It is essential to eat healthy foods, get regular exercise and get a good night’s sleep.
Although there is no indication that pets can cause infection or are exposed to “Covid-19”, the Centers for Disease Control suggests keeping household pets away from patients.
When does the home isolation period end?
And if your test result is positive but you have no symptoms, you can stop isolating at home 10 days after the date of the positive test, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
As for those with symptoms, the CDC says you can be around others.
- After 10 or more days have passed since symptoms first appeared
- After 24 hours have passed without a fever without using fever-reducing medications
- After other symptoms of “Covid-19” improved
The Centers for Disease Control stated that “there is a limited number of severely ill people who may produce a virus capable of replication for more than 10 days, which may require an extension of the isolation period and precautions for up to 20 days after the onset of symptoms.”
The Centers for Disease Control noted that losing your sense of taste and smell can persist for weeks or even months after recovery, but that doesn’t mean you need to stay isolated.
However, if you have a severely weakened immune system or are seriously ill with the “Covid-19” virus, the rules change, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Your health care provider may recommend that you remain in isolation for more than 10 days after symptoms first appear (possibly up to 20 days).
People with severe immunodeficiency may need to get tested to determine when they can get out in the world again.
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