Legal cannabis in New Zealand? Kiwis are voting on more...

The nickname “The Land of the Long White Cloud” could soon take on a new meaning in New Zealand if its citizens vote in an overshadowed referendum this weekend for the legalization of recreational marijuana use.

It is the first time a country has put the legalization of cannabis use among the population through a referendum.

And it will take place alongside a national election that will either re-elect Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern or install her conservative National Party rival Judith Collins in the top position.

In normal times, a dramatic reform like this would be a hot electoral issue, but in a campaign dominated by the COVID-19 pandemic, cannabis is not given special attention.

In that case, New Zealand would join Uruguay and Canada as the only countries to fully legalize smoking at the national level, and a whole host of other countries, all of which have eased their approaches.

Eleven US states have done the same, while Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden plans to decriminalize cannabis use at the federal level when elected next month.

The outcome could have an impact on Australia as well. Some progressive politicians are asking us to follow the example of the Kiwis.

The proposed reform will allow New Zealanders to grow up to two cannabis plants for personal use.(ABC Rural: Anthony Pancia)

What is New Zealand considering?

If passed, New Zealanders ages 20 and up can buy up to 14 grams of dried marijuana per day and grow two cannabis plants at a time.

You could buy it from a licensed location like a pharmacy and use it on private property or an approved venue.

The proposed legislation restricts the market share of advertising and caps to ensure that no single cannabis producer can dominate the market.

An excise tax on cannabis products will also be introduced, which is an additional source of income for the New Zealand government.

The aim of the reform is to reduce the damage caused by cannabis, eliminate the black market trafficking, control the quality of cannabis and reduce the likelihood of young people getting their hands on it.

Will it happen

It looks less likely, but some are optimistic that the vote will be successful.

Support has declined over the past year. According to the respected pollster Colmar Brunton, only 35 percent of those polled in September wanted smoking to be legalized.

That’s a decrease of 40 percent in June and 43 percent in November last year.

These numbers are in line with another recent survey by Newshub Reid Research that found 50.5 percent against and 37.9 percent were in favor.

According to a survey by the Helen Clark Foundation and the New Zealand Drug Foundation last week, 49 percent of those polled were in favor of the change, while 45 percent were against it.

A close-up shot of a cannabis flower that grows in Colorado, USA

A close-up shot of a cannabis flower that grows in Colorado, USA

A close-up of a cannabis flower that grows in Colorado, USA and has a legal marijuana industry.(Supplied: Jimmy Dula)

It’s worth noting that Helen Clark, the former Prime Minister, is advocating cannabis reform, as is the NZ Drug Foundation.

But even if more than 50 percent of the population voted “yes”, recreational cannabis would not become legal immediately or possibly at all – the new government would still have to submit it to parliament.

Ms. Collins, the leader of the center-right opposition, said her party would speak out against it, while Ms. Ardern, who has admitted having used cannabis in the past, doesn’t say how she will vote in the referendum.

Is Australia taking note?

Punters in Australia are closely monitoring what is happening in the Tasman.

Australia is a country that broadly supports the decriminalization of marijuana – and this is reflected in the government’s own data.

According to the 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, 74 percent of Australians do not support the possession of cannabis as a criminal offense.

According to the 2020 survey, cannabis was the most widely consumed illicit drug in Australia over the past year. 11.6 percent of Australians consumed them.

For the first time in the history of the survey, cannabis had higher personal approval rates for regular adult use than tobacco – 19.6 percent versus 15.4 percent.

A close-up of a cannabis crop growing in a field.

A close-up of a cannabis crop growing in a field.

Growing medicinal cannabis and hemp is legal in Australia, but recreational growing is illegal.(ABC Rural)

The Australian Greens have stuck to numbers like this; They proposed decriminalization and the creation of a recreational cannabis industry in the 2019 federal elections and are sticking to politics.

“If New Zealand successfully legalizes cannabis, it will be a massive signal to the Australian government that giving people access to cannabis is good policy,” Green leader Adam Bandt told ABC.

The Greens will not win an election immediately, but the legalization of cannabis could be one of their demands if Labor ever needs help in forming a minority government in the future.

Ms. Arden won the NZ Greens Party’s support in 2017 by agreeing to legalize cannabis through this referendum. So it’s not as far-fetched as you might think.

Some state-level pro-cannabis politicians are also closely watching New Zealand, such as Victoria Upper House MP Fiona Patten, NSW House MP Rose Jackson, and Michael Pettersson on the ACT.

“We followed New Zealand to give women voice and equality in marriage. Perhaps we will follow them on this important social issue, ”said Ms. Patten, who is also a member of the Victorian Inquiry currently looking into cannabis reform in this state.

However, a federal health minister’s spokesman Greg Hunt said the Australian government does not support the legalization of recreational cannabis.

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern will not say how she will vote in the referendum

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern will not say how she will vote in the referendum

Jacinda Ardern does not say how she will vote in the referendum.(ABC News: Kevin Nguyen)

“While many Australians view cannabis use as harmless, almost a quarter of Australian drug and alcohol treatment services are provided to people who identify cannabis as their main concern (roughly the same number of treatment episodes as for amphetamine use),” the spokesman said.

The Australian government’s approach is to prevent and delay first-time use, allow access to treatment and support services, and prevent and interrupt the supply of cannabis to reduce availability.

But there is a footnote.

“Issues related to the legalization or decriminalization of cannabis are primarily a matter for the states and territories,” the spokesman said.

The ACT is the only jurisdiction in Australia that has legalized cannabis for personal use (although reforms did not go so far as to create a market for production, purchase and sale), and the federal government has not repealed those reforms despite the power to .

What reforms is Australia considering?

The only reforms under consideration here concern low-dose cannabis medicines like cannabidiol (CBD) – definitely not as dramatic as New Zealand’s proposal for a recreational industry or Mr Biden’s promise to legalize recreational use at a national level in America.

The Australian Medicines Agency Regulic Goods Administration is currently considering a proposal that low-dose CBD products should be available over-the-counter early next year.

Currently, people using medical cannabis products in Australia will need a doctor’s script to purchase them even if they only contain CBD.

However, these CBD products, which can be used to treat epilepsy, chronic pain and inflammation, anxiety, and insomnia, do not contain THC, the psychoactive element that makes you sky high.

Take this home with you?

While the federal government supports the medical cannabis industry, don’t expect any further changes at the national level regarding recreational use in the near future, regardless of New Zealand’s outcome.

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