Astronomers find 24 “overinhabitable” planets in the Milky Way

Astronomers find 24 “overinhabitable” planets in the Milky Way
Astronomers find 24 “overinhabitable” planets in the Milky Way

FILE – This long exposure image, taken on August 20, 2020, shows a view of the Milky Way as it rises in the sky over the Jewish Mountains in the occupied West Bank between the Palestinian Jericho and Israel’s Ein Gedi.

A recent study published in the journal Astrobiology found that there are more than a dozen “overinhabitable” worlds in our galaxy.

According to a study by geologist Dirk Schulze-Makuch and astronomers Rene´ Heller and Edward Guinan, astronomers have identified 24 possible “Earth-like” worlds in the Milky Way that are “even better for life than our earth”.

While there are more than 4,000 exoplanets in the Milky Way, astronomers say the list of top contenders could include several factors that can aid life.

One caveat that scientists note is that while some planets have the right ingredients to support life, that does not mean that life exists on one of these “overinhabitable” planets.

“It is important to note that a planet can be habitable but lifeless because the origin of life never happened. This could be because the environmental requirements for the origin of life are much stricter than for the continuity of life, ”the study says.

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It was also found that the initiative during this study was not to look for a perfect mirror image of our earth, but to look beyond an exact twin to our home planet in the hopes of finding a similar but sustainable one. The study found that geological history was also taken into account.

“In fact, the earth’s natural history shows that habitability varied widely across geological eons. This refers not only to large asteroid impacts or other disasters that wiped out large parts of the biosphere, but also to prolonged snowball earth events that resulted in subdued biospheres over millions of years (Ward and Brownlee, 2000). ”

Of the 24 planets that are considered “overinhabitable”, one stands out in particular and meets all of the criteria that scientists use to determine what makes a planet viable.

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“Only one of the candidates (KOI 5715.01) meets all three criteria, but has a predicted lower global temperature than Earth using a gray atmosphere model that includes an approximation for a greenhouse effect,” the study says.

None of the 24 planets, including KOI 5715.01, are less than 100 light-years away, the study says.

“Although none of these planets and planetary candidates are closer than 100 light-years and therefore inaccessible for high-quality observations from NASA’s TESS mission, we argue that the exoplanet sample known today contains possibly viable planets,” the study says.

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Astronomers considered several factors that determine what makes a planet “overinhabitable”, including the lifespan of the star around which the planet orbits. The study refers to the fact that life on earth did not arise until 3.5 billion years after it was formed and another 4 billion years before the appearance of technologically advanced life on the planet. The age of the star therefore depends heavily on whether one of its orbiting planets even had a chance to create life.

Another factor is the composition of the planet. For example, does it contain a core, a mantle and a crust like the earth? In this particular study, scientists believe that an even larger planet and a warmer, wetter planet would actually make the perfect replacement for Earth.

Also, the perfectly sized moon could interfere or interfere with a planet’s ability to support life. Astronomers in this study stated that the earth was given all the right ingredients to create a habitable planet, and the size of the moon is actually a big part of that. The size and distance of the Earth’s moon creates a perfect balance for the tides. If the moon were closer or bigger, the earth’s habitability would likely have been worse than due to the tidal lock caused by the gravitational pull of such a hypothetical moon. In the tidal castle, the day length of the earth could be several times its current value, which would have a dramatic effect on the surface distribution of sunlight as an external energy source. ”

Despite these observations, scientists say the ultimate determinant of finding another habitable planet is looking into the history of the planet’s evolution, which is virtually impossible, the study said.

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“Our goal here is not to identify potential targets for follow-up observations, but to illustrate that overinhabitable worlds may already be among the planets discovered,” the study continued.

However, this does not mean that it is impossible to find another, possibly better “overinhabitable” planet.

“Should such a planet be discovered within about 100 light years in the near future, such a world would have a higher priority for follow-up observations in search of extrasolar life than the most Earth-like planets,” the study concluded.

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These were the details of the news Astronomers find 24 “overinhabitable” planets in the Milky Way for this day. We hope that we have succeeded by giving you the full details and information. To follow all our news, you can subscribe to the alerts system or to one of our different systems to provide you with all that is new.

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