The delegations of the Libyan Supreme Council of State and the House of Representatives in Tobruk (east) signed, on Tuesday, a draft agreement on the criteria for selecting occupants of sovereign positions, according to the Anadolu Agency correspondent.
The minutes of the agreement were signed in the town of Harhoura, on the outskirts of the capital, Rabat, by Fawzi Al-Oqab, head of the delegation of the Supreme Council of State, and Youssef Al-Aqouri, head of the delegation of the House of Representatives in Tobruk, after the end of a second round of dialogue that began Friday in the Moroccan city of Bouznika.
The agreement relates to the implementation of Article 15 of the Skhirat Political Agreement, signed on December 17, 2015.
The article indicates in its first paragraph that “The House of Representatives consults with the State Council (…) to reach consensus on the occupants of the leadership positions of the following sovereign positions: Governor of the Central Bank of Libya, Head of the Audit Bureau, Head of the Administrative Control Authority, Head of the Anti-Corruption Authority, President and members The High Electoral Commission, the President of the Supreme Court, and the Attorney General. ”
The second paragraph states that “following the implementation of the first paragraph of this article, the appointment and exemption of the occupants of the leading positions for the sovereign positions indicated in the previous paragraph requires the approval of two-thirds of the members of the House of Representatives.”
In view of the great division in Libya between its east and west, most of these sovereign institutions, if not all, have become divided, with two heads.
Among the other non-sovereign institutions that could be subject to the same appointment mechanisms are: the National Oil Corporation and the Libyan Investment Corporation, given their economic and financial weight, and frenzied competition over them.
The two delegations agreed, according to a final statement, to continue the dialogue in Bouznika on institutional coordination to end the transitional period.
They stressed the need to support the Bouznika dialogue process, to move forward to a political settlement, and to end the state of institutional division.
They thanked Morocco for its efforts to reach real Libyan consensus.
Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita said during a speech that the second round of the Libyan dialogue ended with the two parties agreeing on the criteria for selecting the occupants of the sovereign positions, pending the final signature of the agreement by the heads of the two councils.
Khaled Al-Mashri chairs the Libyan Supreme Council of State (a consultative parliament based in the capital, Tripoli), while Aqila Saleh heads the House of Representatives in Tobruk (east), and is loyal to the militia of the coup general, Khalifa Haftar.
Bourita believes that the success of the Bouznika dialogue is due to criteria, including that it is a Libyan dialogue developed and led by the Libyans without interference or tutelage.
On September 16, the head of the Libyan Presidency Council, Faiz Al-Sarraj, announced his “sincere desire” to hand over his duties to the next executive authority, no later than the end of October, provided that the dialogue committee has completed its work.
For years, the oil-rich country has been suffering from an armed conflict, so with the support of Arab and Western countries, Haftar’s militia has been fighting the internationally recognized Libyan government for legitimacy and authority, which resulted in civilian deaths and injuries, along with tremendous material damage.
Since last August 21, Libya has maintained a ceasefire, which Haftar’s militia violates from time to time.
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