The number of vape users in the UK has fallen by 400,000 in just one year, according to activists.
The Smoking and Health Charity (ASH) blamed a misguided belief that vaping is just as harmful as cigarettes for the fall.
In March, a YouGov poll found there were 3.2 million e-cigarette users in the UK – up from 3.6 million the previous year, The Times reported.
An international review of evidence found that e-cigarettes were 70 percent more effective at quitting smoking than nicotine replacement treatments.
ASH General Manager Deborah Arnott said, “About a third of smokers have never tried an e-cigarette and less than 20 percent are currently using one.
The Smoking and Health charity (ASH) accused a misguided belief that vaping is just as harmful as cigarettes to the drop (file image)
“If many more smokers could be encouraged to try e-cigarettes, the latest evidence suggests that many more could successfully quit.”
That year, 17.4 percent of smokers used an e-cigarette, while 17.6 percent said they had used an e-cigarette in 2014.
But only 39 percent of smokers in the UK believe vaping is less harmful than smoking.
ASH would like health professionals to encourage smokers to turn to e-cigarettes to reduce the habit.
Around 643,000 smokers in England stopped in the twelve months to August – including the coronavirus lockdown. The previous year, according to the UCL Smoking Toolkit Study, the number was half as high at 307,000.
Only 39 percent of smokers in the UK believe vaping is less harmful than smoking (file image)
If six out of 100 people quit nicotine replacement therapy, ten out of 100 people would quit e-cigarette use with nicotine, according to a Cochrane Review published yesterday.
Caitlin Notley of the University of East Anglia Medical School at Norwich, who is part of the review team, said, “This could be because e-cigarettes mimic smoking behavior and provide nicotine to ex-smokers.”
In May, it was claimed that vaporizing could only lead to the development of dangerous bacteria for a short period of time, which has been linked to significant health problems such as gum disease and even oral cancer.
Vaping is just as bad as smoking cigarettes to increase your risk of heart disease
According to one study, fumes cause significant blood vessel damage, just like smoking traditional cigarettes.
Blood vessels become stiffer and less effective in vapers and people who both vape and smoke compared to non-smokers.
People who only breathe in from cigarettes and don’t vape have the same problem of blood vessel stiffening.
Nicotine – the addictive substance in vapes and cigarettes – constricts blood vessels and leads to a loss of elasticity over time.
It is known that rigid arteries and blood vessels increase a person’s risk of developing heart disease.
The researchers studied more than 400 men and women between the ages of 21 and 45, composed of nonsmokers, cigarette smokers, e-cigarette users, and people who both smoked and vaped.
All e-cigarette users were former cigarette smokers.
The study, published Wednesday in the Journal of the American Heart Association, found that ex-smokers who switched to e-cigarettes and dual users had arteries that were just as stiff as those of traditional smokers.
Bacteria thrive in the mouth of vapers and include a variety of infection-causing microbes that are similar to those found in the mouth of periodontal disease patients.
After three months of daily use, scientists found that a person’s mouth was a breeding ground for microorganisms that have been linked to tooth loss and, if left untreated, heart and lung disease.
The Ohio State University study found that the bacteria accumulated regardless of the presence of nicotine.
The scientists who led the research published in Science Advances believed the culprit was the heated and pressurized liquids in e-cigarettes.
The study’s lead author, Professor Purnima Kumar of Ohio State University, said, “Vaping is such a big attack on the oral environment, and the change happens dramatically and over a short period of time.”
The researchers collected gum samples from 123 people who showed no current signs of oral disease.
25 were currently smokers, 25 were non-smokers, 20 e-cigarette users, 25 ex-smokers who used e-cigarettes, and 28 people who maintained both cigarette smoking and vaping habits at the same time.
Even former smokers who switched to e-cigarettes had more harmful bacteria than current smokers who didn’t vape.
“If you quit smoking and start vaping instead, you are not going back to a healthy bacteria profile, but switching to the vaping profile,” said Professor Kumar.
“If you know the vaping profile is high in pathogens, you are doing yourself a disservice by using vaping to quit smoking.”
For the first time, the study participants included vapers between the ages of 21 and 35 who had been using e-cigarettes for four to 12 months.
The researchers found that the microbes triggered an immune system response that formed a slimy layer of slime.
This is part of a destructive inflammatory response in which the body’s immune system has been triggered by the invading bacteria and tries to fight it off.
As a result, the immune response in itself can damage the body.
Proteins have also been found that are produced when the immune system is ready to provoke an inflammatory response. Scientists say this increases the chances of getting sick exponentially.
The debate about how harmful fumes are creates confusion
E-cigarettes can benefit some people by helping them quit smoking. However, scientists have a lot to learn about whether e-cigarettes are really effective for quitting smoking and what the long-term risks are.
Nicotine is already known to be highly addictive and interfering with adolescent brain development, which lasts into the early to mid-20s.
E-cigarettes produce an aerosol by heating a liquid that usually contains nicotine. Aerosol is inhaled into the lungs and can contain potentially harmful substances, including heavy metals such as lead, volatile organic compounds and carcinogens.
U.S. health officials, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), are investigating an outbreak of e-cigarette or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI).
The states are gripped by the mysterious disease. Officials have identified vitamin E acetate as a chemical of concern. THC is found in most fluid samples taken from sick people’s lungs, and most patients report a history of using an e-cigarette or vaping product that contains THC.
“Popcorn lung” is the nickname for bronchiolitis obliterans, a condition that damages the smallest airways in the lungs and has been linked to people with steam-related breathing problems. However, according to Cancer Research UK, there is no good evidence that e-cigarettes could cause the lung disease.
According to a study published in June 2018, the flavors in electronic cigarettes can damage blood vessels as well as heart disease.
The chemicals used to add flavor to the vapor, such as cinnamon, strawberry, and banana, can cause inflammation in cells in the arteries, veins, and heart.
They cause the body to respond in a way that mimics the early signs of heart disease, heart attacks, or strokes, the Boston University study found.
Other recent studies have also suggested that e-cigarette smoking could cause DNA mutations that lead to cancer, and that pneumonia-causing bacteria could more easily stick to the lungs.
New York University researchers exposed human bladder and lung cells to e-cigarette vapor, which is marketed as being healthier than tobacco.
They found that the cells were mutated and turned cancerous much faster than expected, and mice exposed to the steam also suffered significant DNA damage.
In another study, scientists from Queen Mary University in London found that vaping increased the chances of getting pneumonia – just like smoking tobacco or inhaling traffic fumes.
The vapor from e-cigarettes helps bacteria that cause the condition to cling to the cells that line the airways, they said.
The effect occurs with conventional cigarette smoke and with people who are exposed to air pollution that is rich in particles from vehicle exhaust gases.
An April 2020 study2 found that vapors damage arteries and blood vessel function, much like smoking traditional cigarettes.
The team looked at measurements of blood vessel function in e-cigarettes and double users who have been using e-cigarettes for at least three months.
All e-cigarette users were former cigarette smokers.
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