Al-Saadoun added, in a statement to Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), that the Earth in July is at its apex, which is the farthest distance from the sun and will be 152 million km away from it, meaning that the difference between perihelion and aphelion is 5 million km.
He explained that this happens because the Earth revolves around the sun in an elliptical shape. Sometimes it is the closest distance to the sun (perihelion) and this happens in the first week of January, and sometimes it is at the farthest distance from the sun (aphelion), and this happens in the first week of July.
He mentioned that when the earth is at perigee, the greatest and lowest tides occur during the year, but there is another condition for the highest tides and the lowest tides to be met, indicating that if perigee occurs in the first week of January and at the same time, the moon is associated with the sun, which is at the beginning of the lunar month and at the same time The moon is in perigee with the earth, which means that it is the closest to the earth.
He added that in this case, the gravitational forces of the moon and the sun cooperate to cause the largest and lowest tides during several years, but this is rare and occurs approximately every 31 years, pointing out that the proximity of the Earth to the sun does not have a significant impact on the temperature of the earth, as it increases 2.3 degrees Celsius (Celsius). .
He pointed out that one of the manifestations of the approach of the Earth to the Sun is an increase in its speed as it revolves around the Sun by 1 km per second than it is on normal days (30 km) per second, and its speed becomes 31 km per second. .
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