Those who view the reality of the situation in the environmental aspect and climate impacts as the biggest challenges facing the future of energy, expect that the future will be pessimistic, at least for fossil fuels and their companions, and that the situation will not be better if we take into account the emerging Corona virus crisis and the political and economic differences between the world’s industrial giants China and America, in light of the approaching date of opening the envelopes to announce the name of the new President of the United States of America, which is the largest exporter of energy in the world and the second largest emitter of carbon gases into the atmosphere. In fact, this prediction is incorrect in the sentence, given the status, objectives and capabilities of each country that signed the Climate Agreement and the Kyoto Protocol, in addition to the existence of alternative plans for developing sustainable alternatives and unconventional energy.Before we delve into the complexities of the current situation as we are now in 2020, let us go back to the origin of the problem, which is that the world is currently sending 44 metric tons of gases to the air, only 75% of which is CO2, in addition to 12% CH4 and nitrous oxide. N2O, as these ground-source gases are attached between the earth’s crust and the atmosphere, absorbing sunlight of short wavelength as infrared radiation, and causing its reflection to the surface of the earth, which is supposed to leave the dark side of the earth at night, but the presence of these gases is suspended between the crust The Earth and the atmosphere trap these rays and raise the temperature of the planet, causing melting of ice, sparking volcanoes, forest fires, climate change, desertification, the extinction of fungal species and other negative environmental impacts, the most dangerous of which is the provision of food for humans.
Before the third industrial revolution, the middle of the twentieth century, that is, before the automatic production processes, the level of carbon emissions was less than one metric ton, which was from one source, which is coal production from mines, in the era of the second industrial revolution or the so-called serial production era.
By the end of last year 2019, the volume of greenhouse gases, or so-called greenhouse gases, was fixed at 44 metric tons, of which 33 gigatons metric tons of carbon dioxide CO2 only, a global behavior that major industrialized countries began practicing since 2008, so that the rate of emissions is fixed for two years or Three then jumps and so forth.
Until the end of 2019, China and the United States of America are responsible for 50% of global carbon emissions, and the rest is distributed between India, Russia, Japan and European countries, while Saudi Arabia emits less than 1.8% of carbon despite it being the largest country in the world with energy reserves. And it is the second largest exporter of energy after the United States of America.
The Saudi situation in light of these global indications is more optimistic and bright for many reasons, the most important of which is the political determination led by Prince Mohammed bin Salman in Vision 2030 to reduce dependence on oil to less than a third in the state budget, by using oil money to build Saudi people, the Saudi infrastructure, and enactment The necessary environmental laws and implementation of the Saudi integrated energy strategy plan, which will be announced at the end of the year 2020, which carries out aspects that will change the rules of competition in the energy field, the most important of which are: Generating half of the Kingdom’s need of electricity by 2050 from carbon-free blue energy, through the circular carbon economy path, and also Of green energy from non-fossil sources such as solar and nuclear energy, wind and water.
Aramco and SABIC, the largest oil company and the largest chemical company in the world in terms of capabilities, capabilities and brains, have already been able to develop techniques for capturing carbon dioxide, and reuse it to produce useful and used industrial materials instead of emitting it to the atmosphere, and this innovation in itself is an achievement that makes the Saudi mind. Which will provide solutions for energy consumption as well as production through more sustainability and greater reliability.
Despite these health and environmental challenges, and the world’s attempt to maintain lower rates of carbon emissions, and American and European resistance on the one hand, unpleasant surprises coming from the East sometimes may change the rules of the game temporarily because the sustainability of the change in energy markets is linked only to technology. And innovation.
So will the world continue to wear a medical mask to prevent corona virus and carbon emissions, or will Saudi Arabia and major green countries have the final decision in this? Who knows, but I am very optimistic because of what I see of Saudi serious and diligent work.
These were the details of the news Green Saudi Arabia is a safe future for the world for this day. We hope that we have succeeded by giving you the full details and information. To follow all our news, you can subscribe to the alerts system or to one of our different systems to provide you with all that is new.
It is also worth noting that the original news has been published and is available at saudi24news and the editorial team at AlKhaleej Today has confirmed it and it has been modified, and it may have been completely transferred or quoted from it and you can read and follow this news from its main source.