The Director-General of the Seeds and Seeds Center and the Genetic and Plant Origins Bank at the Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture, Secretary-General of the National Committee for Genetic Resources, Dr. Nasser Al-Marri, revealed the future plan of the Seeds and Seeds Center for the production of durum wheat.
He said that there is a program being implemented to devise high-yield and high-quality varieties of durum wheat in three phases of time, which is a short-term phase, where the seeds of some of the selected durum varieties were obtained from strains of international bodies such as ICARDA, Simit and ACSAD. Different degrees of reproduction.
He added that there is a medium-term stage, where some imports of durum wheat for tolerance to heat, salinity and drought were obtained from some international bodies such as ICARDA, CIMMYT and ACSAD. It is a safety valve to ensure that new, high-yield and quality varieties are constantly supplied, thus achieving High level of food security.
“The resulting cultivars are characterized by their high ability to adapt and genetic stability under different environmental conditions, and the program takes more than eight years to obtain the variety, but by following a rapid breeding program for wheat, the period will be shortened to 5 years, and we will have new varieties of durum by cross-breeding.”
Regarding the investment opportunities for the production of durum wheat in the Kingdom, he said, “Like some other important crops, the Ministry of Agriculture succeeded in concluding an investment opportunity for the manufacture of durum wheat locally. Over the course of three workshops headed by the Undersecretary for Agriculture, it included the sides of the durum wheat industry triangle from agriculture to manufacturing, The production bodies (members of the Kingdom’s Seed Producers Committee) represented the first side, and the “first mills” and the second represented the second side, and finally the main factories for the pasta industry represented the third side, as this investment opportunity aims to produce durum wheat in sufficient quantity and quality to maximize the added value and to be the product 100% Saudi, with the aim of achieving self-sufficiency in accordance with the Kingdom’s 2030 vision.
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