The number of births in China fell last year to a level not seen since at least 1978, according to official data released Monday, against the backdrop of uncertainties about the future and the cost of education.
The Asian country faces a demographic crisis as the workforce is aging rapidly An economic slowdown and the lowest population growth in the country in decades.
The birth rate in the world’s most populous country was 7.52 births per 1,000 people in 2021, according to the National Bureau of Statistics, while it was 8.52 in 2020.
This is the lowest rate since at least 1978, the date when the Asian giant began publishing its annual statistical report.
China has loosened its birth control policy in recent years, allowing couples to have two children in 2016 and then three last year.
But these decisions did not lead to a significant increase in births. Husbands are reluctant to have children because of the high costs of living and housing, especially children’s education. In 2021, the country recorded 10.62 million births, according to official data.
The population growth rate fell to 0.34 per thousand people last year, while it reached 1.45 in 2000.
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