Study: More physical activity lowers insulin sensitivity

Study: More physical activity lowers insulin sensitivity
Study: More physical activity lowers insulin sensitivity

Insulin is a key hormone in energy metabolism and blood sugar regulation. The normal insulin function in the body may be disturbed by weight gain, for example, which leads to decreased insulin sensitivity and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, as well as cardiovascular disease..

In a joint Finnish study between the Turku PAT Center and the UKK Institute, researchers observed that standing was associated with better insulin sensitivity..

Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common lifestyle diseases globally, and is usually preceded by impaired insulin sensitivity, or in other words, insulin resistance. This refers to a condition in which the body does not react to insulin normally, and blood glucose levels rise.

Lifestyle has a strong impact on insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, and it is known that regular physical activity plays an important role in preventing such problems, according to the “Science Daily” website.».

The researchers noted that standing was associated with better insulin sensitivity, regardless of the amount of daily physical activity, period of sitting, fitness level or weight gain..

“This connection has not been shown before,” says Taro Gartweet of the University of Turku, a doctoral candidate. These results further encourage changing part of the daily sitting period to standing, especially if the recommendations for physical activity are not met».

The study also underscores the importance of healthy body composition to metabolic health. The results show that excess body fat is a more important factor in insulin sensitivity than physical activity, fitness or the amount of time one spends sitting. Standing, in contrast, is independently associated with insulin sensitivity, regardless of body composition.

“Regular exercise is known to be good for health,” explains Taro Gartweet. Physical activity, fitness, and sedentary behavior also appear to be related to insulin metabolism, but indirectly through its effect on body composition.».

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