more than 50 million doses administered worldwide

More than 50 million doses of anti-Covid-19 vaccines have been administered worldwide, in an immunization race largely dominated by rich countries, according to a count made by AFP on Wednesday.

At 10 a.m. GMT on Wednesday, at least 51,285,801 doses had been administered in at least 61 countries or territories, according to data compiled by AFP from official sources.

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Israel is by far the most advanced country as more than a quarter of its population (26.1%) has already received at least one dose, or 2.3 million people. Some 6.2% of Israelis even received the two doses needed for optimal protection, a record too.

In terms of volume, the United States is leading the way, with 15.7 million doses administered to 13.6 million people (4.1% of the population), ahead of China (more than 15 million doses). 

The  United Kingdom, which ranks third with 4.7 million doses injected to 4.3 million people (6.3%), is the leading European country. It is followed, on the Old Continent, by Italy and Germany, which each administered 1.2 million doses to respectively 2% and 1.4% of their population. France, for its part, administered doses to 585,664 people (0.9%). 

The  countries of the European Union have injected more than 6 million doses to about 1.4% of their inhabitants. In proportion to its population, Denmark (3%) is the most advanced among the 27, ahead of Malta (2.9%) and Slovenia (2.1%).

Access to vaccines is very uneven across regions of the world. 

The  sixty or so countries that started their campaign, which account for 61% of the world’s population, are mainly rich countries (North America, Europe, Israel, Gulf countries and China). Eleven of these countries concentrate more than 90% of the injected doses.

Large Latin American countries (Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, etc.) have also started to vaccinate, but at a slower pace than in other regions.

In Africa, only the Seychelles have started a mass campaign, while Guinea has started a pilot phase involving only a few dozen people. 

The  World Health Organization and the Vaccine Alliance (Gavi) have set up the Covax mechanism to distribute doses to disadvantaged countries. WHO hopes to send the first vaccines in late January or February.

Seven vaccines, which all require two doses to be fully effective, are currently in circulation around the world.

North America, Europe, Israel and the Gulf countries have mostly opted for those developed by Pfizer-BioNTech (American-German) and Moderna (American). 

The ir British competitor, AstraZeneca-Oxford, for its part has pride of place in the United Kingdom and India, pending a possible authorization in the European Union at the end of January.

Bharat Biotech’s Indian vaccine is currently only used in India. 

The  Sputnik V vaccine from the Russian Gamaleya center is injected in Russia, but also in Argentina, Belarus and Serbia.

As for Chinese vaccines, in addition to China, that of Sinopharm is administered in the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Seychelles, Jordan and Serbia, that of Sinovac in Indonesia, Brazil and Turkey.

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