Exercise has been shown to help treat cancer. Why do...

In Sydney’s iconic Bondi Icebergs pool, Siobhan O’Toole and Donna Moclair look like seasoned swimmers on a clear spring morning who are used to lap waves crashing overhead.

Few would realize that both women with a diagnosis of cancer were at the battle of their lives.

And this exercise was her lifeline.

Important points:

  • Studies link exercise with a 40 percent reduction in the likelihood of cancer recurring
  • Medicare only subsidizes five sessions with an exercise physiologist
  • A six-week rehabilitation program is offered to some patients recovering from other illnesses

Siobhan had an aunt who died of breast cancer when she was 40 and decided to get checked earlier than doctors recommend.

“I thought I might be at high risk, and unfortunately when I was 40 they found triple negative breast cancer,” she said.

Triple negative breast cancer is known to be difficult to treat.

Always active, she participated in a study at St. Vincent’s Hospital in Sydney that used exercise to better manage cancer treatment.

Siobhan O’Toole was driven to exercise while being treated for cancer because she knew it could reduce the risk of the disease coming back.(ABC News: Brendan Esposito)

The IT consultant swam every week and took part in three resistance training courses. Every day she made sure that she took at least 8,000 steps.

“I thought about it [exercise] than pushing all the chemo through my body to try and make the chemo more effective, “she said.

Swimmer Donna Moclair didn’t know what to expect when she was diagnosed with advanced ovarian cancer.

“It was really a shock,” she said.

Donna said she was fit before she was diagnosed, but being able to swim and even train for competitions while on treatment was “her sanity.”

“When I swam, I felt like the chemotherapy was washed away. I found that really comforting just to cleanse my mind and body, ”she said.

A woman swims laps

A woman swims laps

It is now known that exercise improves cancer survival rates, helps patients cope with the side effects of treatment, and leads to an improved quality of life. (ABC News: Brendan Esposito)

During treatment, she even came third at a Winter Swimming Association event.

“I just kept training and training and training. After that, I got fitter and got my body and mind back. And I actually won the year after, which was great. “

There is growing evidence that exercise helps fight cancer

Orthopedist Jonathan Herald says he sees how much faster patients recover with structured rehabilitation.

“Sport is one of the most powerful disease-fighting weapons in the arsenal to fight diseases like cancer,” said Dr. Herald.

A recent article found that women who did regular exercise before their cancer diagnosis and after treatment were more than 40 percent less likely to develop cancer or die of the disease than breast cancer patients who were inactive.

And cancer leaders want exercise to be embedded as part of recovery.

The Clinical Oncology Society of Australia recommends 150 minutes of moderately intense or 75 minutes of intense exercise such as walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming weekly as part of standard care for cancer.

Two to three resistance exercises per week are also recommended.

A man shows two women a squat at an outdoor gym

A man shows two women a squat at an outdoor gym

Cancer clinicians and researchers recommend that patients participate in two to three strength training sessions per week. (ABC News: Brendan Esposito)

Medical oncologist and cancer researcher Dr. Sara Wahlroos is currently researching the benefits of preventing muscle mass loss in breast cancer patients.

For her research, she prescribed 18 women a 20-week weight-based exercise program that they participated in while undergoing chemotherapy.

She noticed that most of the women were able to stick to the program and maintain their strength, while some even got stronger.

She believes the gold standard of cancer treatment should involve an exercise physiologist.

“It really should be part of the system,” she said.

“It should be subsidized.”

Cancer patients have limited access to rehab

In Australia, people who have had a heart attack can participate in a six-week rehabilitation program, including exercise training, through the public hospital system.

However, if you have a chronic condition, including cancer, Medicare only subsidizes five sessions with an exercise physiologist as part of your GP’s chronic health plan.

Caroline Booth was referred to an exercise physiologist by her oncologist and did three strength training sessions per week and some lighter exercises per day.

A woman in a headscarf lifts weights

A woman in a headscarf lifts weights

Caroline Booth worked with an exercise physiologist during her chemotherapy session at the Kinghorn Cancer Center. (ABC News: Mary Lloyd)

“I feel like it made a significant difference in my energy levels and the more I do it the easier it gets,” she said.

She had to pay the full $ 100 for each session with an exercise physiologist after using up the available Medicare physical therapy grant for a chronic back problem earlier this year.

Doctors like Jonathan Herald believe cancer patients deserve the same access to supervised rehabilitation as patients in the compensation scheme.

“To fight cancer, which affects one in two Australians by the age of 75, we have to throw everything at it,” he said.

Together with cancer researchers and clinicians, he demands that cancer patients be offered supervised training programs.

Siobhan and Donna met with Dr. Herald teamed up to produce a book, The Exercise Prescription, based on the latest research into the benefits of exercise.

All proceeds from the book will be used to fund a rehabilitation clinic for public cancer patients at St. Vincent’s Hospital, Sydney

“We don’t wrap other patients in cotton. We know that people get better and stronger when they can exercise, ”he said.

Two women sit on the edge of an ocean basin and laugh.

Two women sit on the edge of an ocean basin and laugh.

Many cancer patients who participate in exercise programs while on treatment say that it helps them maintain better mental health. (ABC News: Brendan Esposito)

Donna and Siobhan want other cancer patients to reap the physical and mental benefits of their exercise.

“I don’t really understand how to get open access rehabilitation in the event of a heart attack or a motorcycle accident or reconstructive surgery,” Siobhan said

“If cancer patients can exercise, it would really benefit them,” said Donna.

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