Amid expectations of an increase in Corona injuries during the winter, many fear the coincidence of the two epidemics, and the Ministry of Health and Population continued its preparations for the possibility of a second wave, and stressed that preventive measures should be fully followed, and the Egyptian state prepared well to avoid causing any confusion to the medical system.
Meanwhile, Dr. Mustafa Madbouly, the Prime Minister, appealed, on Wednesday, to citizens to be careful to adhere to preventive measures against the Corona virus, due to the rise of the infection curve again.
In the following lines, we review the complete guide to dealing with Corona, regular flu and colds, how to protect yourself, and the importance of taking the flu vaccine in order to avoid feeling anxious and nervous when you feel flu symptoms because they are very similar to the coronavirus.
Virus prevention measures:
There are steps that must be taken to protect against viruses such as influenza and corona; Including washing the hands frequently and intensively with soap and water for a period of not less than 20 seconds, and use alcohol-based hand sanitizers on your hands in the absence of soap and water.
You should also avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth, and avoid crowded places, as well as avoid contact with any patient. She advised that you cover the mouth with a tissue or your elbow when sneezing or coughing, and then wash your hands.
The Ministry of Health also advised the practice of good health habits “exercise, get enough sleep, drink enough fluids, and follow a healthy diet.”
In conjunction with the spread of the Corona virus with the period of the spread of the flu, so you must adhere to social distancing, wear a mask, to protect you from contracting viruses from us that taking the flu vaccine can reduce your risk of exposure to influenza and its complications, and following these precautions can help protect you from influenza and other diseases Respiratory.
How to differentiate between the symptoms of corona, influenza and the common cold?
Influenza activity begins in Egypt this year from the beginning of this month until next April, according to the disease surveillance data in acute respiratory disease programs for previous years.
The Ministry of Health and Population revealed that it had set specific definitions for each of the corona and influenza, especially that they share symptoms in order to facilitate their diagnosis and distinction between them. Treatment protocols have also been updated to keep pace with global developments to prevent any complications with high-risk groups.
Corona symptoms include:
Fever is one of the most common symptoms, exceeding the mark of 37.8 degrees, a persistent dry cough, loss of sense of smell and taste, feeling tired and tired, sore throat, headache, shortness of breath, and it is rare to have diarrhea, runny or stuffy nose.
Corona prevention methods:
• Clean hands frequently by rubbing them with an alcohol-based disinfectant, or by washing them well with soap and water.
• When coughing and sneezing, be sure to cover the mouth and nose with your folded elbow or a tissue, and dispose of the tissue immediately afterwards and wash your hands.
Avoid approaching people with a fever and cough, and keep a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet).
• If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, go to medical care early.
As for the flu:
Seasonal influenza is an acute viral infection caused by one of the influenza viruses, which infects from 3 to 5 million infections annually, and leads to the death of about 650 thousand cases annually all over the world due to acute respiratory diseases, according to data from the World Health Organization.
According to the Ministry of Health and Population, influenza affects all age groups, and infection with it leads to complications in patients who have associated risk factors such as children less than two years old, the elderly over 65 years old, and those with chronic diseases such as diseases (chest, heart, diabetes, kidneys, etc.) Immunity) pregnant women, obese.
Symptoms include: sore throat, sneezing, and runny nose.
Symptoms often worsen as the virus progresses, including:
(Fever, aching muscles, chills, sweating, headache, cough, nasal congestion, fatigue, weakness).
As for the symptoms of a cold or a cold, they include (high temperature, frequent sneezing, nasal congestion, sore throat).
How to treat mild and severe cases of influenza:
Dr. Alaa Eid, head of the Preventive Medicine Sector at the Ministry of Health and Population, specified the procedures to be followed in case of influenza infection.
– When flu-like symptoms are felt (high temperature of 38 degrees or more with a cough within the last ten days) and the simple case and not within high-risk groups, treatment for symptoms is given at home, and measures taken at home are followed, and in simple cases within high-risk groups, it is given Treatment of oseltamivir (Taminil) at home for five days and following measures taken at home.
– In severe cases, any sign of deterioration of the respiratory system (shortness and difficulty breathing, dehydration, signs of shock, or bronchial pneumonia, diagnosed with radiographs or clinically), hospitalization is given and (Tamnil) is given for five days. If the condition does not improve, it is given for 5 days. Other days, a throat and nose swab is taken and sent to examine the influenza in the central laboratories, or to the regional laboratories that examine the flu in the provinces.
Flu prevention measures:
Wash hands with soap and water frequently (before eating, after using the toilet, after coughing and sneezing, and after touching surfaces).
Influenza can also be prevented by covering the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing. It is preferable not to cover the mouth and nose with the palm of the hand when sneezing or coughing. Rather, a tissue should be used, as well as staying home when feeling severe respiratory symptoms.
The importance of the vaccine this year is of great importance, in light of the spread of the Corona virus, as the vaccine is the best way to protect against influenza during the winter period.
How do you get the vaccine?
The Holding Company for Biological Preparations and Vaccines “Vacsera” provided the vaccine for seasonal influenza at the company’s headquarters in Agouza, and its branches in the governorates and Greater Cairo.
According to the Ministry of Health, the most appropriate time to obtain the influenza vaccine is the beginning of the winter season, noting that the vaccine is available in the health facilities of the Ministry of Health in the Republic, especially the health offices.
The quadruple influenza vaccine, Influvac, is available at Vaxira vaccination centers, and the price of a dose is 170 pounds, not including the vaccination service.
Besides Vaxira centers, vaccines are also available in several pharmacies this year.
What are the target groups who need the influenza vaccine?
Anyone can get the flu, but certain groups are more likely to have severe symptoms. The World Health Organization recommends that priority be given to these groups:
• health workers
• pregnant women
• People with underlying health conditions
What is the importance of the flu vaccine in the time of the Corona pandemic?
• The vaccine can reduce your risk of exposure to it and its complications.
• It is necessary for the great similarity between the symptoms of corona and influenza.
Avoid simultaneous two epidemics.
It may relieve symptoms that may be difficult to distinguish from the symptoms of Corona.
Preventing influenza relieves pressure on hospitals.
• Greatly reduces the risk of death in children due to influenza infection.
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