Lebanese Parliamentary consultations pushed back again as protests become more violent

Lebanese Parliamentary consultations pushed back again as protests become more violent
Lebanese Parliamentary consultations pushed back again as protests become more violent

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Hind Al Soulia - Riyadh - Lebanese President Michel Aoun pushed back parliamentary consultations to nominate a new Prime Minister for the third time on Monday after two days of increasingly violent clashes between protesters and police in Beirut.

The parliamentary consultations, designed to choose a new premier, have already been pushed back a week, but the Lebanese Presidency tweeted Monday morning that it would be delayed by four days as per the wishes of caretaker Prime Minister Saad Hariri, without further explanations.

The country has been without a government since Mr Hariri resigned on October 29 under pressure from nation-wide street protests demanding a new government of specialists and better state services. Protesters deem the Lebanese political class too corrupt to enact necessary reform to save the country’s collapsing economy.

But protests, which had remained largely peaceful up to now, turned violent in Beirut over the last two days.

The riot police’s harsh crackdown against a small crowd of protesters Saturday night near Parliament in Beirut galvanised the Lebanese, who returned to the streets in their thousands the following evening, chanting slogans like “the revolution will continue” and hurling insults at politicians.

Many came prepared for teargas, with gas masks, helmets and goggles.

For about an hour, protesters threw fireworks and water bottles at riot police who were stationed in front of a street leading to Nejmeh Square, an area of the city centre that includes Parliament which has long been cordoned off.

Shortly after 9.30 pm, riot police responded violently once again, beating protesters and firing tear gas.

Street fights continued until the early hours of the morning, with riot police using rubber bullets and water cannons to clear the streets. By the late evening, a tent that had been set up by protesters in Martyr’s Square had been burnt down. The identity of those responsible remains unclear.

In a statement on Monday, the civil defence service said that it had treated 126 injured people in downtown Beirut and transferred 56 more to hospital.

Lebanese media and some protesters blamed “infiltrators” for the increase in violence. Since the anti-government movement began, supporters of Hezbollah’s ally party Amal have attacked protesters and riot police. But the party has denied any involvement and none of the men have been detained.

Videos on social media allegedly show protesters violently fighting with Amal supporters for the first time. Up to now, they have retreated when assaulted.

“Tripolitans shake the ground”, chanted the men, indicating that they were from the Sunni Muslim dominated city in the North of Lebanon, which has emerged as a hub for protests. They also used profane language against Amal leader Nabih Berri.

Lebanese political analyst Imad Salamey told The National that delays in parliamentary consultations are probably due to divisions among the political elite about how to respond to protesters’ demands.

“Hariri is trying to reverse the electoral outcomes obtained in 2018 [which resulted in the weakening of his party, the Future Movement] to suit his political ambitions, while attempting to show that he is responding to protesters’ demands by heading a government of specialists,” he said.

In a tweet on Monday, United Nations Special Co-ordinator for Lebanon Jan Kubis said the postponement was "either a sign that following the events and statements of the last days politicians start to understand that they cannot neglect the voice of the people, or another attempt to buy time for business as usual."

In a country where power-sharing is divided among the country’s many sects, there are few alternatives to Mr Hariri being nominated as Prime Minister once again, as he is the strongest representative of the local Sunni Muslim community, said Mr Salamey. Several candidates to his succession withdrew their candidacies in the past weeks.

“Should Mr Hariri not be nominated, Lebanon would drift towards sectarian imbalance that would most probably lead to strong Sunni grievances, as it remains plausible that the president, who is the strongest Maronite Christian representative, and the Parliament speaker, who is Shiite Muslim, would remain in power,” observed Mr Salamey.

He warned that “violence will escalate if politicians try to impose their usual backdoor arrangements."

Updated: December 16, 2019 05:11 PM

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