The permanent effects of COVID-19 can be observed in four different ways.
The National Institute for Health Research says COVID-19 can be a long-term disease.
The study that was carried out found that many patients had recurrent symptoms even after leaving the hospital. Most complained of breathlessness, tiredness, dizziness and more.
A Facebook interview with 14 people also found that they had the same symptoms after they were released from the hospital.
The same report published by NIHR states that patients may experience only one or all four symptoms at a time.
The ongoing effects and symptoms of COVID-19
The review found that the functions affected include the cardiovascular system, brain, lungs, liver, kidneys, and skin. The symptoms are caused by four different main syndromes: post-viral fatigue syndrome, post-intensive syndrome, permanent organ damage to the lungs and heart, and persistent COVID-19 symptoms.
In the report, Dr. Elaine Maxwell that only patients with severe infections could have long-term effects. However, after careful examination, the results were different.
It was found that all affected individuals, regardless of severity, face the long-term effects. She added that more people experience long-term symptoms than those who are actually severely affected.
Professor Danny Altmann, an immunologist from Imperial College, disagrees with the statements. He stated that narrowing the symptoms down to just four was too easy.
Previous studies and results
Studies showed that people infected during the SARS outbreak in 2003 showed similar weakness and fatigue due to the long-term symptoms of COVID-19.
A recent study by Austria found that half of the patients discharged after six weeks suffered from shortness of breath, which finally fell to 39% after 12 weeks.
It was also shown that the survivors had impaired lung function after infection. Even mild infections can cause tissue damage to the heart. However, after proper treatment, they showed an improvement that was considered important.
In the respective age groups
The NIHR also reported that persistent symptoms were observed in all age groups. However, an unpublished study found that women and the elderly are at greater risk of enduring the syndromes.
It has also been stated that symptoms last longer as the age groups get over 18 years old.
In patients with dementia, the infection appeared to further worsen their cognitive status.
That year, many health centers saw an increase in children with MIS-C (Multi-Inflammatory Syndrome-C). The Center for Disease Control and Prevention issued an alert and passed it on as a complication related to COVID-19.
Image courtesy of Yuganov Konstantin / Shutterstock
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