Does mental health affect the risk of infection with the Corona...

A new study found that people who contract Coronavirus and were previously diagnosed with a mental disorder are more likely to die if they are hospitalized due to “Covid-19”.

Depending on how long they spent in the hospital, people diagnosed with conditions ranging from anxiety to dementia and self-harm were 42% to 2.4 times more likely to die from Covid-19, according to the study conducted by Yale University.

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The new study did not try to find out why, specifically, that people previously diagnosed with a mental disorder may be more likely to die from “Covid-19”, but the Yale University team believes that these patients have high levels of inflammation or even prescription medications for psychological issues. It may increase its risk

The recent discovery follows that the coronavirus attacks the brain as well as the lungs and the cardiovascular system, and suggests that people with a history of mental health problems may be another group at a high risk of developing severe Covid-19.

No one is immune to it who has not been infected with the Coronavirus before, and even those who have survived the disease may not be protected from it for long.

But the more we know about SARS-Cov-2, the more groups must be added to the growing list of people with at-risk groups: the elderly, those with immunodeficiency or diabetics, or those with heart, lung or kidney disease, And who suffer from high blood pressure, cancer and sickle cell disease.

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So far, no mental or neurological condition has been recognized as a risk factor for “Covid-19” by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

However, it may be worthwhile for those with a history of mental illness to take extra precautions.

Of the 1,685 patients who were hospitalized with “Covid-19” and were included in the Yale University study, 473 patients were previously diagnosed with a mental disorder, which represents 28% of the enrollments.

In total, approximately 20% of all hospitalized patients have not been able to return to their homes. During the study period, 318 of them died.

Of the deaths, 144 patients were among those diagnosed with pre-existing mental illnesses, and 174 patients who died had no history of psychological concerns.

The difference in mortality risk was significantly different depending on how long the patients had been in the hospital.

The higher risks faced by patients with a psychological history were more evident early on.

And after two weeks of hospitalization due to “Covid-19”, 35.7% of patients who experienced anxiety, depression, dementia, psychosis or other mental health problems died.

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And only 14.7% of coronavirus patients without a record of a mental health diagnosis died within two weeks.

By the fourth week of the study, the death rates were fairly balanced, with 44.8% of those with psychiatric diagnoses, as well as 31.5% of those without a psychiatric history.

The question of whether mental illness causes inflammation or is caused by inflammation is still a matter of widespread debate in the scientific world, but the two are clearly linked.

Because conditions such as depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia tend to have poorly functioning immune systems, some researchers have suggested that they may be inflammatory diseases, rather than problems in the brain specifically.

One of the strange immune phenomena that appears in psychiatric patients is the group of cytokines, which are inflammatory immune proteins, and they are also the same proteins that drive the “storm” of inflammation that has been shown to be fatal for many “Covid-19” patients.

The link may be one of the reasons why patients with mental disorders die at higher rates in the Yale study, but it is too early to say for sure.

Inflammation may trigger a stress response and neurochemical changes in the brain for patients with psychiatric conditions, which may make it difficult to respond to “Covid-19”, an infectious condition that affects multiple organs, including the brain, according to Dr. Luming Lee, The study’s co-author, a psychiatrist from Yale University.

Source: Daily Mail

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