The Matterhorn in the Alps slowly moves back and forth every...

The Matterhorn – one of the highest peaks in the Alps – moves back and forth every two seconds.

This is the conclusion of researchers at the University of Technology in Munich

The group explains that Earth’s oceans, earthquakes, and human activities are caused by seismic energy on Earth with its origin.

The Matterhorn is located on the border between Switzerland and Italy, at an elevation of 14,692 feet (4,478 meters) above sea level.

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The Matterhorn (pictured) – one of the highest peaks in the Alps – moves back and forth every two seconds.

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This is the result of a study conducted by researchers at the Technical University of Munich: a seismometer installed on the top of the Matterhorn

What is Matterhorn?

Matterhorn is a mountain in the Alps, located on the border between Switzerland and Italy.

It has an elevation of 14,700 feet (4,478 m).

The Matterhorn was first mentioned in writing in 1581 as “Monte Cervin” and later as “Monte Silvio” and “Monte Cervino”.

The German name “Matterhorn” first appeared in 1682.

Between 1865 and the end of summer 2011, an estimated 500 climbers died on the Matterhorn.

Each year, 300 to 400 people attempt to climb the summit with a guide; About 20 of them failed to reach the top.

Every year 3,500 people deal with the Matterhorn without a guide; 65 percent return to the road, usually due to a lack of fitness or not having enough head for altitude.

From tuning forks to bridges, all objects vibrate upon excitation, the so-called natural frequency depending on their geometry and physical properties.

“We wanted to see if such vibrations could be detected even on a mountain as large as the Matterhorn,” said Samuel Weber, the paper’s author and the geologist who conducted the study at the University of Technology Munich.

To find out, Dr. Weber and colleagues installed several seismographs on the Matterhorn, the highest of which is 14,665 feet (4,470 meters) above sea level, just below the summit.

The other is in Solvay bivouac – an emergency shelter in Hörnligrat, the northeastern Matterhorn mountain range, which dates back to before 1917 – when a measuring station at the foot of the mountain served as a marker.

Each sensor in the measurement network is set up to automatically send records of any movements to the Swiss Seismological Service.

By analyzing seismic measurements, the researchers were able to get the frequency and vibrations of the mountain’s vibrations.

They found the Matterhorn oscillating at a frequency of 0.42 Hz in a north-south direction and a similar frequency in an east-west direction.

By speeding up the measured vibrations 80 times, the team was able to make the Matterhorn’s surrounding vibrations audible to the human ear — presented in the video below. (Headphones are recommended for very low frequency sounds.)

On average, the Matterhorn’s motions were small, ranging from nanometers to micrometers, but at the summit it was found to be 14 times stronger than those recorded at the base of the mountain.

The committee explained that this is because the summit has the ability to move more freely when the base of the mountain is stable, not how the top of the tree moves more in the wind.

The team also found that the magnitude of the Matterhorn quake was transferred to seismology — a fact, they added, which can have significant effects on landslide stability despite strong earthquakes.

“Mountain areas with increased ground movement are more prone to landslides, rockfalls and rock damage,” said Jeff Moore, professor of paper and geology at the University of Utah.

Seismometer mounted on the Solvay bivouac (pictured) – Hörnligrat, the northeastern ridge of the Matterhorn, dating from 1917.

The group explains that Earth’s oceans, earthquakes, and human activities are caused by seismic energy on Earth with its origin. Photo: a seismometer mounted on the top of the Matterhorn

The group said vibrations like the one detected are not unique to the Matterhorn and many of the peaks are expected to move in a similar way.

In fact, as part of the study, researchers from the Swiss Seismological Service conducted a complementary study of the Cross Sword summit in central Switzerland, which is similar in shape to the Matterhorn, but much smaller.

Analysis reveals that the Cross Maiden oscillates at four times the frequency of the Matterhorn because small objects vibrate at higher frequencies than larger objects.

These examples represent one of the first examples of a team exploring the vibrations of such large bodies, with previous studies focusing on smaller structures such as rock formations in Arch National Park in Utah.

Professor Moore commented: “It was exciting to see that our simulation approach worked for a mountain as large as the Matterhorn and the results were confirmed by measurement data.”

The full results of the study were published in the journal Messages from Earth and Planetary Sciences.

The Matterhorn – located on the border between Switzerland and Italy – is 14,692 feet (4,478 meters) above sea level, overlooking the city of Jermatt.

Earthquakes occur when two tectonic plates collapse in opposite directions

Catastrophic earthquakes occur when two tectonic plates that slide in opposite directions stick together and then suddenly slide.

Tectonic plates are made up of the Earth’s crust and crust.

Below is the asthenosphere: the hot, viscous conveyor belt of rock on which plate tectonics ride.

They don’t all move in the same direction and often collide. This creates a great deal of pressure between the two plates.

Ultimately, this pressure causes one plate to move down or over the other.

It releases a huge amount of energy, causing tremors and destruction to any property or infrastructure nearby.

Severe earthquakes usually occur at fault lines where tectonic plates meet, but small tremors – still recorded in Richter’s sales – can occur in the middle of these plates.

The Earth contains fifteen tectonic plates (pictured) that shape the landscape around us today.

These are called intra-plate earthquakes.

These faults are widely misunderstood, but it is believed that minor plate defects, old defects, or cracks below the surface will occur when they are reactivated.

These areas are relatively weak compared to the surrounding plates, and can easily slide and cause earthquakes.

Earthquakes are detected by observing the magnitude or the magnitude and intensity of the seismic waves they generate, which are called seismic waves.

The magnitude of an earthquake varies with its strength.

Earthquake magnitude is the amount of energy released at the earthquake site.

Earthquakes form under the Earth’s surface in an area called a hypocenter.

During an earthquake, part of the seismic map remains stationary and part of the Earth moves along the surface.

The earthquake is then measured by the difference in the locations of the stationary and moving areas on the seismic map.

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