Earth may be trapped in a giant magnetic tunnel

Earth may be trapped in a giant magnetic tunnel
Earth may be trapped in a giant magnetic tunnel
Our planet, along with other parts of the solar system and some nearby stars, may be trapped in a giant magnetic tunnel — and astronomers don’t know why.

Wide Magnetized 1000 Way Tube light years Tall and naked invisible, may be around Solar SystemAstronomers suggest in a new paper. Jennifer West, an astronomer at the University of Toronto’s Dunlop Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, presented the project after conducting an investigation of two bright, radio-emitting gaseous structures in our galaxy — the North Pole and the Van region. Although the two structures are located on different sides of the sky, they can be connected.

“If we look at the sky, we see this tunnel-like structure in every direction we look — that is, if we have eyes that can see. radio The light “West He said in a statement.

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Curved directions – these are charged particles and a magnetic field, and looks like long, thin ropes – striped out from the North Pole and fan zone. The researchers said that the strange cosmic ropes not only connect the two parts, but can also form what looks like a “curved tunnel”, where tendrils are like “tunnel lights and lines formed by road line markers”.

The image on the left shows a curved tunnel, similar to the geometry of a cosmic tunnel consisting of tunnel lights and road signs. The radio on the right shows the night sky in polarized waves, and the leads are marked with arrows. (Image credit: Left: Bixby/Jennifer West. Right: Dominion Astrophysical Observatory/Villa Elisa Telescope/ESA/Planck Collaboration/Stellarium/Jennifer West)

This will put our solar system with a small piece Milky Way, Inside the giant magnetic tunnel.

North Pole Spur, which appears as a large yellow cloud extending over our plane galaxy, a giant ridge that emits gases X ray and radio waves. The fan area is less well understood, but it produces a lot of polarized radio waves. Although these unusual parts of space were discovered in the 1960s, scientific understanding of them has been elusive, and most previous studies have described each structure individually.

But by inserting data from radio wave observations into a new computer model, West and colleagues have determined the likely length and location of the giant ropes. The model estimates that the ropes are about 1,000 light-years long and that the structures may be 350 light-years away from the Solar System.

An illustrated map of the Milky Way. The inner magnified image shows rods of fibers with a small red dot, our Sun, folded between them. (Image source: NASA/JPL-Caltech/R. Hurt/SSC/Caltech/Jennifer West)

West says the inspiration for his model came when he was a student, seeing the trend of first experimenting with a radio sky map. Years later, she was told about a 1965 paper, which had been guessed by strange radio signals.

“Based on the raw data currently available, the authors (Matthews and Milne) speculated that these polarized radio signals may originate from our view of the local hand of the galaxy,” West said in a statement. “That paper inspired me to develop this idea and relate my model to the best data that our telescopes offer today.”

These cosmic fibers are found not only in our universe. In fact, they are found everywhere in the galaxy, and they can emit different types of light. In their study, the researchers were able to observe that fibrous structures emit optical light near the remnants of giant galaxies or supernovae. In molecular clouds and in the walls of “galactic stacks” – huge craters from multiple supernovae, through which hot gas flows from the galaxy into the galactic halo. Quite frankly, some studies The swirling fibers of molecular gas have gone so far as to suggest that they may be the “bones” that make up the “skeleton” of the Milky Way.

An infinite explanation of the position of the Sun within the enormous spirals of magnetic fibres. (Image credit: West et al.)

The next step for the scientists is to confirm their findings by making detailed observations of the areas they simulated, and then use those observations to improve their model. West hopes that by deepening the model, it will be possible to improve astronomers’ ability to understand other magnetic fields around our galaxy. Another intriguing possibility is that invisible magnetic ropes may be a small part of a very large galaxy.

“Magnetic fields are not isolated,” West said. They should all be connected to each other.” “So the next step is to better understand how this local magnetic field interacts with the larger magnetic field of the galaxy and the smaller magnetic fields of our sun. Earth.

“I think it’s great to imagine these structures being everywhere, whenever we see the night sky,” West added.

The researchers released their findings on September 29 on the preprint server arXivThat is, it has not been peer-reviewed yet.

First published in Live Science.

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