The American newspaper “Washington Post” believed that Russian President Vladimir Putin had achieved a strategic victory in reaching a peace agreement in the Nagorno Karabakh region, in light of the recent renewed military conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, but there are risks that remain.
“The war has ended in Nagorny Karabakh now, based on the peace agreement that was sponsored by Russia, and the Armenian and Azeri parties are still counting the costs of that war,” the newspaper said in a news report published on Friday evening.
She added, “Putin emerged as an influential decision-maker in the conflict that has lasted for more than 30 years, and dates back to the era of the former Soviet Union. According to the peace agreement, two thousand peacekeepers will be deployed in Nagorny Karabakh, and the Russian military presence will enhance what the Kremlin views as the Russian sphere of influence in Armenia and Azerbaijan, both of which are former Soviet republics.
And considered that this “also represents a counterweight to the geopolitical adversary represented by Turkey, A close ally of Azerbaijan, and the main client for oil and gas in the Caspian Sea, where Ankaras support for Baku was a crucial element in the war, noting that “Putin has succeeded in repelling Turkish ambitions by sending peace-keeping forces affiliated with it to Nagorny Karabakh, and instead it will send Troops to Azerbaijan to participate in a control center near Russia.
Michael McFall, director of the Freeman Spolge Institute for International Studies at Stanford University, was quoted by the newspaper as saying: “What Russia has done is legalization of victories on the ground, and this agreement represents a real diplomatic victory for Putin, and allows him to play a role in peacemaking. What Putin and his comrades dreamed of for 20 years for regional hegemony ”.
She pointed to “some risks related to the peace agreement in the troubled region, as she said that it does not address the basis of the crisis for which the war broke out in 1990, which is related to the Nagorno Karabakh situation, as analysts warn that the truce may not last in the long term as long as it is not reached. To a comprehensive peace agreement.
“I will be hesitant to use the term peace agreement on what happened, and Nagorny Karabakh was not mentioned in the document, so this does not constitute a basis for a long-term solution to the conflict,” said Lawrence Brewers, an expert on Caucasus affairs at Chatham House. He pointed out that “the long-term goal for Russia is to maintain its influence in Armenia and Azerbaijan, but Moscow must reconcile its relations with the two countries, and it is a sensitive task that requires special skill, if it is to prevent a conflict in the future.”
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