Wednesday, October 28, 2020 at 2:11 PM
Washington – With just one week before the presidential poll, and with more than 67 million Americans already voting for their favorite candidate, the specter of the electoral college returns to hover over Uncle Sam’s country, casting doubt on the legitimacy of this bicentennial institution which sometimes transcends popular suffrage and sends a loser to the White House.
Indeed, in each state, American citizens vote for large voters, whose identity they do not know in the majority of cases, and not for one of the two presidential candidates, explains Thomas Neale, specialist of the American national government. within the research department of the Library of Congress.
Each state has as many voters as elected to the House of Representatives and the Senate, plus three who represent the federal capital, Washington DC, for a total of 538 voters, Neale said during an organized briefing by the Foreign Press Center in Washington. He noted that these large voters constitute the electoral college, which appoints the President of the United States.
The more the state is populated, the more it enjoys a significant number of electors. Thus, California benefits from 55 voters, Texas from 38, Florida and New York State from 29, and Pennsylvania from 20, he noted, recalling that it is possible for a candidate to winning the electoral college without being the winner of the popular vote.
This incidence has, in fact, occurred five times in American history, in 1824, 1876, 1888, 2000 and more recently in 2016, when Donald Trump gleaned 304 electoral votes while his opponent Hillary Clinton won nearly three million additional votes in direct national suffrage.
Despite the wave of indignation generated by this kind of result, nothing in the Constitution obliges the major voters to vote for one candidate or another, specified the expert, stressing nevertheless that, so far, almost all the big voters respected the results of the popular vote in their state.
It was during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that it was decided that the presidential election will be by indirect universal suffrage in a round, and this, in order to preserve the separation of power, recalled Mr. Neale, making note that the rejection of this widely controversial election system is complicated, despite the number of amendments that have been submitted to Congress calling for the removal of the Electoral College, “because it is very difficult to change the Constitution”.
Traditionally, grand voters meet on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December to elect the president and vice-president. For this 2020 election, the electoral college will choose for the Americans their next president on December 14, and it may not be the one with the most popular votes on November 3.
Faced with this state of affairs, the elections are often played out in a limited number of so-called “Swing States”, that is to say which regularly change sides from one election to another, sometimes voting for them. Democrats, sometimes for Republicans.
In 2016, Trump’s surprise victories in Michigan, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania, with narrow margins, had allowed him to seal the race for the White House.
To run for a second term, Trump must win at least two of these three states, a task far from easy according to numerous recent polls which give his Democratic opponent Joe Biden a considerable lead.
In recent days, Trump has multiplied the rallies in Pennsylvania which he hopes to delight the 20 major voters to allow him to approach the fateful threshold of 270 voters to win the presidential election.
Biden, for his part, wants to create a surprise by attacking Florida, where he is neck and neck with Trump, or even North Carolina. A victory for the Democratic candidate in one of these two states would be synonymous with a coup de grace for his Republican rival.
According to many observers, the results of the presidential election should not be known until several days, or even weeks after November 3. But in the event that one of the two candidates is declared the winner quickly in the few pivotal states deciding the election, it will be possible to guess the identity of the next tenant of the White House.
*We just want readers to access information more quickly and easily with other multilingual content, instead of information only available in a certain language.
*We always respect the copyright of the content of the author and always include the original link of the source article.If the author disagrees, just leave the report below the article, the article will be edited or deleted at the request of the author. Thanks very much! Best regards!
These were the details of the news US Presidential: The Electoral College, or when the winner does not... for this day. We hope that we have succeeded by giving you the full details and information. To follow all our news, you can subscribe to the alerts system or to one of our different systems to provide you with all that is new.
It is also worth noting that the original news has been published and is available at en24news and the editorial team at AlKhaleej Today has confirmed it and it has been modified, and it may have been completely transferred or quoted from it and you can read and follow this news from its main source.