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Mohamed Nass - Cairo - CAIRO (AP) — The closure of Libya’s major oil fields and production facilities has resulted in losses of more than $255 million in the six-day period ending Jan. 23, the country’s national oil company said Saturday.
The closures came when powerful tribal groups loyal to military commander Khalifa Hiftar earlier this month seized several large export terminals along the eastern coast as well as southern oil fields. Haftar controls the eastern and much of the southern part of the country.
The moves were meant to challenge Haftar’s adversaries in the west, the UN-backed, but weak rival government that controls the capital, Tripoli.
The National Oil Corporation, which dominates Libya’s critical oil industry, said its assessment showed that “the illegal shut down of its facilities has resulted in losses of nearly 256.5 million USD until January 23.”
It said oil production has fallen from over 1.2 million barrels a day to 320,154 barrels a day.
“Until January 23, 2020, the cumulative production losses in barrels reached 3,907, 318 barrels in six days,” NOC said.
The corporation has sought to reassure Libyans. It said “fuel is still available in most regions” and that it had “sufficient storage in Central and Eastern regions.”
The closure was seen as part of Haftar’s efforts to take control of Tripoli and punish his adversaries there for sealing security and maritime agreements with Turkey, opening doors for unlimited military support from the Turks.
Oil, the lifeline of Libya’s economy, has long been a key factor in the civil war, as rival authorities jostle for control of oil fields and state revenue. Libya has the ninth largest known oil reserves in the world and the biggest oil reserves in Africa.
The closure “almost certainly was meant to remind foreign states that Haftar retains control over the country’s oil and gas facilities, which generate almost all the country’s income, even as he enjoys no access to the revenues, which accrue to his Tripoli rivals,” the International Crisis Group, a Brussels-based think tank, said in a report earlier this week.
“His message: the conflict must be resolved in a manner that reflects the actual power balance on the ground, which he views as being squarely in his favor,” the report said.
The closure came just two days before world powers with interests in Libya’s long-running conflict pledged in a summit in Berlin to respect a much-violated arms embargo and push opposing factions to reach a truce.
Haftar’s self-styled Libyan Arab Armed Forces began the offensive on the capital in April last year, clashing with an array of militias, loosely allied with the Tripoli-based government. The clashes killed over 3,000 people and displaced 200,000 people in Tripoli.
The offensive has threatened to plunge Libya into chaos rivaling the 2011 conflict that ousted and later killed long-time dictator Moammar Gadhafi.
The civil war has been on the brink of a major escalation in recent weeks. Various foreign players back Libya’s rival governments, and they have recently been stepping up their involvement in the oil-rich nation’s conflict.
Haftar is backed by Egypt, Russia and the United Arab Emirates, while the embattled UN-backed government is aided by Turkey and Qatar.
Image: FILE – In this Feb. 26, 2011 file photo, a Libyan oil worker, works at a refinery inside the Brega oil complex, in Brega, eastern Libya. On Saturday, Jan. 18, 2020, the National Oil Corporation in Libya says that a decision by east-based forces to choke off oil exports from its territory has threatened to throttle much of the country’s oil production. Powerful tribal groups loyal to Gen. Khalifa Haftar, whose forces control much of eastern Libya, seized several large export terminals along the eastern coast as well as southern oil fields in a challenge to the rival UN-backed government based in Tripoli, which collects revenues from oil production. The move has ratcheted up tensions ahead of an international peace summit to end the civil war. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla, File)
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