Kidney patients die twice as often from Covid-19

Kidney patients die twice as often from Covid-19
Kidney patients die twice as often from Covid-19
Patients with kidney problems are twice as likely to die from coronavirus as doctors have found.

Approximately 48 percent of Covid-19 patients were admitted to intensive care units in London and Birmingham with a new acute kidney injury, likely caused by the virus and succumbing to the disease. And 50 percent of people with pre-existing kidney problems, such as chronic kidney disease, died.

In patients whose kidneys were functioning normally, 21 percent died from the virus.

The researchers, led by Imperial College London, warned that medical professionals should be on high alert for kidney problems, saying that anyone who suffers should be brought to intensive care earlier.

Up to three million people have kidney problems in the UK and 37 million in the US. Often times, the condition goes undiagnosed because it has very few symptoms.

They found that kidney problems more than doubled the chance of death from Covid-19 (stick).

What is Chronic Kidney Disease and how do I diagnose it?

Chronic kidney disease occurs when organs gradually decrease in size and use their function, which means the body has difficulty filtering enough waste products out of its bloodstream.

It was divided into five stages, with the first two showing few symptoms.

The NHS says the disease is often diagnosed with blood and urine tests, and in many cases it is accidentally detected when people are screened for another problem.

They recommend seeing your GP if you have any of the following problems:

  • Weight loss or loss of appetite
  • Swollen ankles, feet, or hands
  • shortness of breath
  • fatigue
  • Blood in your piss
  • Pee more than usual, especially at night

Tests can diagnose the problem by checking the levels of protein in your bloodstream.

Dr. Sanooj Soni, an expert in organ damage and an intensive care consultant at Imperial College London who led the study, warned many patients with kidney problems who do not know their organs are damaged.

“If you get kidney problems on top of the severe Covid-19 symptoms, your death rate doubles immediately – that’s a very big deal,” he told The Telegraph.

“All attention must be paid to Covid-19 patients with any form of kidney disease or injury and every effort must be made to prevent the progression of this disease or injury in order to reduce mortality in this patient population.”

He fears that in the first wave of the pandemic, many patients with severe kidney problems were banned from intensive care because they were considered unlikely to survive.

In the study, they also found that a fifth of patients who survived Covid-19 still needed treatment for their kidneys after they were discharged from intensive care.

Doctors monitored 372 patients admitted to intensive care between March 10 and July 23 during the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic.

Of these, 216 also had kidney problems. 139 study participants died in the hospital.

They had an average age of 60 years, were mostly men, and the majority – 76 percent – were from BAME. Each of these factors are known to increase the risk of death from Covid-19.

It is unclear how kidney problems during the virus can increase a patient’s risk of death.

However, in their study published in the Journal of Anesthesia, doctors suggested that this could be due to the effects of the infection on the whole body rather than a direct attack of the virus on vital organs.

Previous studies have shown that Covid-19 can directly infect the kidneys and cause damage in a manner similar to that of the lungs – however, it is unclear how it would reach them. Experts have previously said that coronaviruses generally don’t get into the bloodstream, which is what they’d have to do to reach the kidneys.

Instead, the study’s authors suggested that the increased mortality rate in patients with virus and kidney problems could be due to “lung-kidney crosstalk”.

According to previous studies, this is the case when an initial injury to the lungs is followed a few days later by kidney failure due to a cytokine storm – when the immune system reacts so violently to an infection that it damages the body’s cells.

They also pointed out the drug toxicity of drugs that play a role in kidney problems and an increased death rate, as well as other factors such as heart problems and high blood pressure.

The study also found that a fifth of patients discharged from intensive care needed kidney treatment. This graph shows the effects, showing nearly 40 long-term treatments required for acute kidney injury (AKI) and more than ten for their chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Chronic kidney disease is a condition in which organ function decreases over a period of months or years and is more common in the elderly.

The early stages usually have no symptoms, which means they will go undiagnosed. However, stages three through five can be diagnosed by signs such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.

The intensive care units at Hammersmith, St. Mary’s and Charing Cross hospitals in London took part in the study alongside Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham. These are all specialist centers for patients with kidney problems.

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